BENEFITS OF FOLIC ACID BEFORE AND DURING PREGNANCYصحة/168414-إنجاب-أولاد-أصحاء-مسؤوليةٌ-مشتركة-من-الشريكين
Folic acid (also known as Folate or vitamin B9) is a vitamin responsible for the growth and the protection of our cells. It is found in some foods and in multivitamin supplements.


Folic acid (also known as Folate or vitamin B9) is a vitamin responsible for the growth and the protection of our cells. It is found in some foods and in multivitamin supplements.
During pregnancy the uterus (womb) expands, the placenta develops, the body circulates more blood, the fetus grows and the cells are divided quickly, needing more Folic acid for a healthy pregnancy.
Maintaining healthy eating habits and proper levels of vitamins and minerals (such as folic acid) before conception and during pregnancy helps to decrease the risk of some birth defects, such as neural tube defects (NTDs), heart and limb defects, urinary tract anomalies and oral facial clefts (like cleft lip and cleft palate).
Folic acid plays an important role in the early development of the neural tube (Brain and spine cord). The neural tube forms in weeks three and four of pregnancy and grows into the brain and spinal cord. When the tube doesn’t close properly, this is called a neural tube defect (NTD). Some examples of NTDs are spina bifida, anencephaly (absence of part of the brain), and encephalocele (part of the brain grows outside the skull).
Folic acid is found in dark green, leafy vegetables, citrus fruit, whole grains, and other foods.
In some countries like Canada, white flour, pasta, and cornmeal have been fortified with folic acid. Since then, there has been a decline in neural tube defects.
For instance, in 1992, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) advised fortifying food supply with folic acid. In 1998 folic acid started being added to breads and other grains.


PREMARITAL SCREENING TESTINGالأعراس-إخترنا-لكما/168848-الإستفادة-من-حمض-الفوليك-قبل-وأثناء-الحمل
A premarital medical examination is compulsory for couples who plan to get married in the UAE and many other countries

Screening and Counseling for the most prevalent infectious diseases and common genetic disorders paves the way for a healthy reproductive life for couples:
Decreases the risk of congenital anomalies and can prevent common inherited blood disorders such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (high in this area)
Decreases and prevents the transmission of some sexually transmitted diseases to the partner.
Reduces the mother-to-child transmission of some infectious diseases that might lead to congenital anomalies or mental retardation, and sometimes to death.
Relieves anxiety especially if there is a family history of certain genetic diseases or marriage within relatives.
Decreases the financial, physical and psychological burden on families through proper diagnosis and counseling.


Health Benefits and Risks of Oral Contraceptives

Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) are hormonal medications that prevent pregnancy.
Today women have many options in birth control pill. They vary from packages of 21, 22, 24 or 28 days. OCP may contain combinations of the hormones estrogen and progestin or progestin alone.There are different types of combination that are referred to as "monophasic," "biphasic," or "triphasic. Most birth control pills are packaged as 21-day or 28-day units. For 21-day packages, tablets are taken daily for 21 days and followed by a seven-day period during which menstrual period will occur. Then the cycle repeats. For the 28-day units, tablets containing medication are taken for 21 consecutive days, followed by a seven-dayperiod when placebo tablets (containing no medication) are taken.

Advantages or benefits of OCps

  1. Effective birth control: is a very effective form of family planning, allowing women and their partners the ability to select the best time to start a family. The pill has a 1% failure rate (meaning less than 1 out of 100 women unintentionally become pregnant) when used correctly
  2. b) Different pills are available to fiteach woman. For example, progestin-only versions of the pill exist if you are breast-feeding or unable to use estrogen due to medical reasons


Irregular Periods

Menstruation disorders affect a woman's normal menstrual cycle..Menstruel cycles or Periods vary widely from woman to woman. Some periods are punctual, some are unpredictable. In average it varies from 24 – 35 days and lasts 3 -5 days.They are common during adolescence and menopause.

A women observes Irregular Periods:
1/ when the time between periods is very irregular
2/ When the women is loosing more or less period than usual.
3/ or when the number of days varies for cycle to cycle.
These changes should always be discussed with a healthcare provider because they can signal underlying medical conditions and potentially have long-term health consequences
Amenorrhea is absence of menstrual periods, is either:
Primary, when menstrual periods have not started by age 15
Secondary, when menstrual periods are absent for more than six months in a woman who previously had periods
Oligomenorrhea is the medical term for infrequent menstrual periods (fewer than six to eight periods per year).
Metrorrhagia refers to irregular but frequent periods.
Menometrorrhagia refers to longer or heavier periods that are irregular but frequent.