Premarital Screening Testing

PREMARITAL SCREENING TESTING

http://www.hiamag.com/الأعراس-إخترنا-لكما/168848-الإستفادة-من-حمض-الفوليك-قبل-وأثناء-الحمل
A premarital medical examination is compulsory for couples who plan to get married in the UAE and many other countries

Screening and Counseling for the most prevalent infectious diseases and common genetic disorders paves the way for a healthy reproductive life for couples:
Decreases the risk of congenital anomalies and can prevent common inherited blood disorders such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia (high in this area)
Decreases and prevents the transmission of some sexually transmitted diseases to the partner.
Reduces the mother-to-child transmission of some infectious diseases that might lead to congenital anomalies or mental retardation, and sometimes to death.
Relieves anxiety especially if there is a family history of certain genetic diseases or marriage within relatives.
Decreases the financial, physical and psychological burden on families through proper diagnosis and counseling.

What are the tests?

Medical and family history is reviewed for genetic diseases: Beta-thalassemia, Sickle cell anemia and other hemoglobinopathies (blood disorders).
Testing for Infectious disease HIV /AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Syphilis. Rubella and other as indicated by history such as papilloma virus.,chlamydia.
Blood grouping and Rh factor.
Providing vaccination such as Rubella and Hepatitis B to susceptible individuals.
Providing health education and guidance on a healthy pregnancy. (Family planning / Folic acid)

In case of abnormal result:

The couple will meet with a doctor who will provide further counseling and clarification. Referral to specialist if required
  • The doctor will explain the situation, answer to questions, address any fears, and suggest suitable options and guidance to take decision.
  • All the information are treated with high confidentiality.
  • If the couple is still willing to get married, they will need to sign a consent part of the pre-marital report, which will be issued to them.

Article Pubished and translated by Joumana Sabbagh under title
<< The conception is a common responsibility >>